Indonesia Expert Network on Climate Change and Forestry
(APIK Indonesia Network)
Jakarta, 10 October 2018
Indonesia’s Experts Urge Strengthening Global Partnership
for Limiting Global Warming to 1.5oC
APIK Indonesia Network. Limiting global warming to 1.5oC that require rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society would implicate to the national strategy of Indonesia’s NDC implementation, said Mahawan Karuniasa, Chairman of Indonesia Expert Network on Climate Change and Forestry (APIK Indonesia Network). He added that various state on forest transition and ecological characteristic among islands, economic disparity between provinces, significant difference on demography aspect and its impacts on environment, including demand on water, food, and energy should be consider to contextualize key findings of the Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5oC (SR15) into national and subnational level.
Based on the Indonesia’s First Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) document, at business as usual scenario (BAU) greenhouse gases (GHG) emission level would be at 2.869 giga ton CO2e (equivalent) in 2030 or 5% emission annual rate in 2010-2030. Total GHG emission was projected reduce to 2.034 giga ton CO2e (29% reduction from BAU) for unconditional mitigation scenario and 1.787 giga ton CO2e (38% up to 41% reduction from BAU) with conditional mitigation scenario. NDC Indonesia consist of 5 NDC sectors, energy, waste, industrial process and product uses (IPPU), agriculture, and forestry. Total emission reduction target in 2030 would be 0.834 giga ton CO2e (29%) for unconditional mitigation scenario and 1.081 giga ton CO2e (38% up to 41%) with conditional mitigation scenario. This emission reduction targets for NDC implementation in 2020-2030 remain challenges for national and subnational level.
The Third National Communication (TNC) of Republic of Indonesia reported total emission CO2e in 2014 was 1.844 giga ton, or equal to 13% annual emission rate during 2010-2014, higher than 5% for business as usual scenario. Consequently, in remaining years 2015-2030, Indonesia needs to maintain its annual emission rate at 1% to achieve unconditional scenario for 29% reduction emission target or -1% (minus 1%) for 41% with conditional scenario. The peak of Indonesia’s GHG emission should be achieved during NDC implementation in 2020-2030 to contribute on limiting global warming to 1.5oC. “Shifting the burden” NDC Indonesia from forestry sector to energy sector may help to rationalize additional efforts. Besides, restoring forest ecosystem as a backbone of earth’s life support systems of Indonesia, will clearly provide benefit for people, such as sustaining biodiversity, natural resources, and natural services.
Considering present and emerging challenges to play role in “the most important years in history”, the government of Republic of Indonesia together with global and domestic stakeholders need to rise awareness and enhancing capacity at national and subnational level. Indonesia’s experts also urge parties including non-state actors to strengthening global partnership particularly to support developing country Parties for NDC implementation in the context of Paris Agreement.
APIK Indonesia Network is the Indonesia’s Experts Network for Climate Change and Forestry focusing on education, research, and community services related to climate change. APIK Indonesia Network comprises of seven regional networks and has 472 total members come from 101 universities, research institutions, training centers, ministries, local governments and other institutions throughout Indonesia.
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