Climate Change Control: Indonesia Intends to be a Model Country

Ilustrasi perubahan iklim – Istimewa, JAKARTA – Indonesia intends to present itself as a pilot country for the implementation of capacity building on climate change handling as it is considered to made forward progress.

The assessment was revealed in the 2nd session of the Paris Committee on Capacity-Building (PCCB) 2018 held May 3-5 in Bonn, Germany.

A member of the PCCB Commission who is also an environmental expert from the University of Indonesia, Mahawan Karuniasa, said Indonesia should be prepared before applying.

“Particularly in efforts to increase the capacity of mitigation and adaptation,” he said in a press release on Tuesday (8/5/2018).

The PCCB is the first body established by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) after the Paris Agreement with the main task of addressing global inequalities and needs for capacity building of developing countries in implementing the climate change agenda.

The PCCB is comprised of 12 members consisting of 10 members from 5 UN country groups, 1 from representatives of disadvantaged countries, and 1 from small island countries. The UNFCCC also mandates developed countries to support and assist developing countries in reminding their capacity. The reason, without the increase in capacity, certainly the agenda of the Paris Agreement can not be achieved by 2030.

“The effort to keep the average rise in Earth’s surface temperature to no more than 2 degrees celsius is not enough just by reaching the Paris Agreement target, but also the need for more ambition in reducing global greenhouse gas emissions,” Mahawan said.

Another issue that raised at the second session of the Paris Committee on Capacity-Building (PCCB) 2018 was the increasing attention of PCCB on the issue of loss and damage caused by climate change disasters.

Various countries vulnerable to climate change disasters, such as Bangladesh, Nepal, India, African countries, the Pacific region, South America, and the Caribbean, have claimed losses and casualties.

As in Indonesia in 2016, hydrometeorological disaster has reached 2,342 incidents which mostly in the form of flood, tornado, and landslide. Whereas in 2002 only 143 events occured or increased by 16-fold.

In response to this, Mahawan stated that Indonesia needs to formulate the need for capacity building to reduce the loss and damage of disasters related to climate change.

“Preparation of Indonesia into a pilot country needs to be comprehensive. It also needs to be addressed as a momentum to overcome the challenges of handling climate change that are still facing, “he said.

Source: Bisnis Indonesia

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